Phrenological bust by LN FowlerPhrenological bust by LN FowlerThe History of Phrenology on the Web

by John van Wyhe

Other primary sources on the web

Google books

Internet Archive

The European Library

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: works and heritage

Biodiversity Heritage Library 'Ten major natural history museum libraries, botanical libraries, and research institutions have joined to form the Biodiversity Heritage Library Project. The group is developing a strategy and operational plan to digitize the published literature of biodiversity held in their respective collections. This literature will be available through a global “biodiversity commons.”' - Hundreds of books on the history of biology such as Weismann, Haeckel, Lamarck, Mendel, Buffon (in German).

Books On-line by John Ockerbloom at the University of Pennsylvania the best place to start looking for any digitized text. This engine provides links to most on-line text collections. Frequently updated.

Project Gutenberg perhaps the most extensive on-line text collection- although sadly opposed to preserving edition information or pagination which greatly decreases the usefulness of their texts- even publication dates are generally removed in their zeal to put their own stamp on texts. An example not to be emulated in text digitization.

Projekt Gutenberg-DE the largest collection of German texts on the internet.

Athena a very large index of French and English texts from the early Greeks to the 20th century.

Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia An enormous digital library which covers most of human history in a score of languages- most texts in beautifully html with pagination and other aspects of the originals preserved.

The Making of America site at the University of Michigan is one of the largest on-line 19th century text collections. Although limited to American texts, some books are American editions by foreign authors. Hundreds of journal articles. Text searches available.

The writings of Charles Darwin on the web [now called Darwin Online]. The works of Charles Darwin and associated materials with complete pagination, images and bibliographical details.

McMaster text archive- Of special interest to modern historians is this site which has many useful texts which are often not found by text search engines. There is an extensive links page to other historical sources on-line which I highly recommend.

The Internet Library of Early Journals Complete page images of 20 year runs of: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, The Builder, The Annual Register, The Gentleman's Magazine, Notes and Queries, & Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. These are not nearly as useful as recognized text- but they are there for everyone now- 24 hours a day. (There is limited text searching.)

Quarterly Review Project by Jonathan Cutmore. An excellent resource on the early QR including searchable indexes, contributor identities, summaries of articles, entries for every individual involved with or a subject of the review, on-line essays about the journal and some letter transcriptions. A model of digital scholarly work.

Penny Magazine select FULL TEXT issues from the 1830s at the University of Minnesota. Every university should have such projects.

Classics in the History of Psychology: A very good collection covering mostly nineteenth & twentieth centuries but some classical authors as well.

A Romantic Natural History by Ashton Nichols- beautifully illustrated and well worth a browse. "A website designed to survey the relationships between literary works and natural history in the century before Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species.

Internet Classics Archive

The Online Medieval and Classical Library

The Eris Project, at Virginia.

Historical Text Archive- chaotically organized with superfluous and distracting icons but many valuable texts there somewhere- heavy on political/diplomatic and economic and social approaches.

Larger sites and indexes:

"Scholars' Guide to the WWW." By Richard Jensen. A comprehensive index - staggering.

The Victoria Research Web, at Indiana University, geared more towards research than the rather introductory Victorian Web.

History Journals Guide A useful bibliographic source. Find the links for historical journals all in one place.

Voice of the Shuttle, at the University of California at Santa Barbara.

H-NET: Humanities and Social Sciences Online. At Michigan State University. Probably the largest online nexus for the humanities.

Victorian Web Sites by Mitsuharu Matsuoka at Nagoya University, Japan. One of the largest and indexes for Victorian information on the internet. Includes the more unusual sites too.

Medical History on the Internet. maintained by A.J. Wright, University of Alabama at Birmingham. A comprehensive index of sites.

See my collection of links at the Cambridge Faculty of History.


See also: Other phrenology sites and Other phrenology texts on-line

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© John van Wyhe 1999-2011. Materials on this website may not be reproduced without permission except for use in teaching or non-published presentations, papers/theses.